Choosing Your Garden Plants

One of the biggest and most creative aspects of growing a garden is deciding what to grow. Depending on your zone, and the look you are looking for, choosing the appropriate plants can sometimes feel overwhelming. However, there is no reason to break the bank just yet–we are suggesting some gorgeous perennials that are guaranteed to brighten your garden, so get out the leaflet and start thinking up ways to use them.

Choosing Your Garden Plant

Annuals are the most basic, easy-to-grow plants in any garden. They provide a large yield and do not require much maintenance. Annuals can be planted year-round, even in winter if you want, and many come back the next year after they have been “baked” with the earth.

Many flowers and vegetables are perennials including:

  • Tomatoes
  • Pumpkins
  • Beans
  • Squash
  • Lettuce
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Kale
  • Spinach

Other perennials include:

  • Herbs
  • Shrubs
  • Trees
  • Bushes
  • Cedars
  • Cypresses
  • Elms

All of these plants require very little water and can be kept virtually dry, which makes them ideal for any home garden, but particularly those that need little maintenance.

Perennials are beautiful in the spring, summer, or fall, depending on the type of plant that you choose. Most perennials are quite self-sustaining and only require regular, gentle watering. Some perennials, however, do require you to fertilize them regularly, especially those that need it for flower growth. If you do not have the budget or time to fertilize your perennials regularly, you can buy one-year supplies from your local nursery.

Summer-flowering perennials are the best choice for a backyard. The biggest perk about these plants is that they stay in the ground year-round, allowing you plenty of variety when planting in the summer. They are great for starting a garden in a sunny spot and spreading seeds around in containers in the fall.

Summer-flowering perennials can include:

  • Herbs
  • Peppers
  • Tomatoes
  • Chives
  • Sweet Peas
  • Carrots
  • Radishes
  • Onions
  • Broccolo

The blooms of these plants grow in the early summer and bloom throughout the summer, giving you plenty of flowering plants to enjoy year-round.

Fall garden is wonderful for covering large areas and providing color, shade when you do not have a lot of plants to work with, but are still trying to beautify your garden. Fall flowers are perfect for shady areas, since they require less watering and fertilizer, making them more attractive for the whole yard.

Fall garden flowers include:

  • Cattails
  • Azaleas
  • Marigolds
  • Daisies
  • Hollyhocks
  • Peopnies
  • Lilies
  • Daffodils
  • Honeysuckle
  • Poppes
  • Iries
  • Hydrangeas
  • Columbines
  • Primrose
  • Carnation
  • Chrysanthemums
  • Dahlias

These fall flowers are best for a shady area, like a patio, porch, or even in a corner of your yard. There are many ways to arrange the fall garden, whether you have them in pots or containers. You can place a few perennials near your door or plant several in a row, or put two in the corner of a large garden area.

When you want something different in your garden but don’t want it to take over, a cool-season flower that is hardy in the colder months is a great choice. Winter-flowering flowers are great because they are easier to care for than many other perennials and they usually bloom at the same time each year.

Some examples of cool-season flowers are:

  • Chrusanthemums
  • Blue Hydrangeas
  • Columbines
  • Irises
  • Chamomile

These flowers are also easy to keep and maintain because they do not need a lot of water or fertilizer to survive the winter months. For your own peace of mind, you can choose a cool-season flower that is both easy to maintain and yet offers an incredible amount of beauty when flowering in the spring.

Summer-flowering and fall-flowering are very popular choices in a backyard garden because they offer a variety of uses and can be planted almost anywhere, from around the perimeter of the yard to the center. If you are planting a larger garden, it is usually a good idea to have at least two types of flowers in the same area to allow you to spread them out a bit more and avoid having them compete with each other. This will ensure that you get as much variety from your plants as possible. One great benefit of planting multiple types of flowers in the same area is that if one type of plant goes away, the other will always be there to replace it.

You can use many different kinds of fertilizers for your plants, including wood chips, rock phosphate, liquid fertilizer, and compost. Fertilizer can be applied monthly and spread evenly on the soil to help plants establish themselves. It is a good idea to check with your local nursery to find the appropriate fertilizer for the specific type of plant you are planting because some fertilizers work well with certain plants.